Framework Thinking for Problem-Solving

Framework Thinking for Problem-Solving -

Problem-solving models and frameworks provide structured approaches to understand, analyze, and solve problems effectively. They guide individuals and teams through a systematic process of identifying issues, exploring potential solutions, and implementing the best course of action. Common types of problem-solving tools include:

5 Whys

A root cause analysis technique that involves repeatedly asking “why” to uncover the underlying causes of a problem. by identifying the root cause, effective solutions can be developed.

Fishbone Diagram (Ishikawa or Cause-and-Effect Diagram)

A visual tool that helps identify potential causes of a problem by categories (e.g., people, process, equipment, material, environment). it encourages a comprehensive exploration of causes and their relationships.

DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control)

A problem-solving methodology within the Six Sigma framework. it involves defining the problem, measuring current performance, analyzing root causes, implementing improvements.

8D (Eight Disciplines) Problem-Solving Process

A structured approach commonly used in quality management. It involves defining the problem, establishing an interim containment action, determining root causes, implementing corrective actions, and preventing recurrence.

PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act)

A cyclic problem-solving process used for continuous improvement. It involves planning a solution, implementing it, checking the results, and acting upon lessons learned to refine the solution further.

TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem solving)

A problem-solving framework that draws upon patterns of technical and engineering problems to identify innovative and inventive solutions. it provides a structured approach to overcome contradictions and find creative solutions.

Design Thinking

A human-centered approach that emphasizes empathy, ideation, prototyping, and iteration to address complex problems and generate innovation solutions.

OODA Loop (Observe-Orient-Decide-Act)

A decision-making and problem solving process used in dynamic and uncertain environments. It involves rapidly observing and assessing the situation, orienting to new information, deciding on a course of action, and acting, with continuous feedback loops.

8 Step Problem-Solving Process

A systematic problem-solving approach that includes steps such as problem identification, data collection, data collection and analysis , root cause identification, solution development, implementation, and monitoring.

Appreciative Inquiry

An approach that focuses identifying and building upon an organization’s strengths and positive experiences to address problems and promote positive change.

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